[4] The denomination for these films in Italy is western all'italiana (Italian-style Western). Kurosawa in fact sued Sergio Leone for plagiarism, and was compensated with the exclusive distribution rights to the movie in Japan, where its hero, Clint Eastwood, was already a huge star due to the popularity of the TV series Rawhide: Leone would have done far better financially by obtaining Kurosawa's advance permission to use Yojimbo's script. In later years there were "return of stories", Django 2 with Franco Nero and Troublemakers with Terence Hill and Bud Spencer. A Fistful Of Locations. OR Books (2015). Whoever the hero was, he would join an outlaw gang to further his own secret agenda, like in A Pistol for Ringo, Blood for a Silver Dollar, Vengeance Is a Dish Served Cold, Renegade Riders and others, while Beyond the Law instead has a bandit infiltrate society and become a sheriff. I want to show the romantic side of evil in an ambience that is not at all romantic. Passion and Defiance: Film in Italy from 1942 to the Present. Similar "prodigal son"[32] stories followed, including Chuck Moll, Keoma, The Return of Ringo, The Forgotten Pistolero, One Thousand Dollars on the Black, Johnny Hamlet and also Seven Dollars on the Red. Most succeeding Spaghetti Westerns tried to get a ragged, laconic hero with superhuman weapon skill, preferably one who looked like Clint Eastwood: Franco Nero, Giuliano Gemma, John Garko and Terence Hill started out that way; Anthony Steffen and others stayed that way all their Spaghetti Western career. At the same time, they remind us that even in the vastness of the universe, our own … An agreement was signed to compensate the authors of. The interaction in this story between cunning and irony (the tricks, deceits, unexpected actions and sarcasm of the hero) on the one hand, and pathos (terror and brutality against defenseless people and against the hero after his double-cross has been revealed) on the other, was aspired to and sometimes attained by the imitations that soon flooded the cinemas. Southern California home prices and sales have risen rapidly in recent months, raising questions if the torrid pace can continue in 2021. In the following years there was a deluge of Spaghetti Westerns with a pair of heroes with (most often) conflicting motives. See more ideas about Sergio leone, Spaghetti western, Sergio. Apr 30, 2012 12:58 pm @olilyttelton. [14] Many of the stories take place in the dry landscapes of the American Southwest and Northern Mexico, hence common filming locations were the Tabernas Desert and the Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park, an area of volcanic origin known for its wide sandy beaches, both of which are in the Province of Almería in southeastern Spain. This website is dedicated to the filming locations of Sergio Leone's spaghetti westerns. Of the Western-related European films before 1964, the one attracting most attention is probably Luis Trenker's Der Kaiser von Kalifornien (1936), about John Sutter. Over six hundred European Westerns were made between 1960 and 1978. Clint Eastwood starred in three of Sergio Leone's films, now known as the Dollars Trilogy—A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). Henry Fonda, the ultimate “good guy” icon, was successfully cast as a villain in “Once Upon a Time in the West,” in which he guns down a child in cold blood and rapes the heroine (Claudia Cardinale). The American animated film Rango incorporates elements of Spaghetti Westerns, including a character modeled after The Man With No Name. I Don't!, Boot Hill and Ace High directed by Giuseppe Colizzi. The Forgotten Pistolero is based on the vengeance of Orestes. His Spaghetti Western equivalent would be the Western œuvre of Demofilo Fidani. “He said, ‘I feel like I’m going to faint,’ and then he was dead,” she said. With the spaghetti western, the Italian genre cinema reached its zenith. [38][39] Requiem for a Gringo shows many traces from another well-known Japanese film, Masaki Kobayashi's Harakiri. This marked the beginning of Spain as a suitable film shooting location for any kind of European western. In Leone's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly there is still the scheme of a pair of heroes vs. a villain but it is somewhat relaxed, as here all three parties were driven by a money motive. Directed by Sergio Leone. Giuliano Gemma starred in a series of successful films carrying this theme – Adiós gringo, For a Few Extra Dollars, Long Days of Vengeance, Wanted, and to some extent Blood for a Silver Dollar – where most often his character is called "Gary". Sergio Leone made four more westerns (and would be involved in several others), and Morricone would score all of … His wife, Carla, told Italian television the attack came as she and Leone were in bed watching TV. The few Spaghetti Westerns containing historical characters like Buffalo Bill, Wyatt Earp, Billy the Kid etc. Even though it is hinted at in some films, like Django Kill and Requiescant, open homosexuality plays a marginal part in Spaghetti Westerns. This film concerns oppression of poor Mexicans by rich Anglos and ends on a call for arms but it does not fit easily as a Zapata Western. Sergio Leone, (born January 3, 1929, Rome, Italy—died April 30, 1989, Rome), Italian motion-picture director who was known primarily for his popularization of the “spaghetti western,” a subgenre of movies that were made in Italy but set in the 19th-century American West.. The critically acclaimed film maker, whose credits include “A Fistful of Dollars,” “The Good, the Bad and The Ugly,” “Once Upon a Time in the West” and “Once Upon a Time in America,” was 60. That film was followed by yet another Western, “Duck, You Sucker” in 1972. The Spaghetti Western was born, flourished and faded in a highly commercial production environment. 2) Once Upon a Time in The West, Sergio Leone (1968): Made to be the spaghetti western to end all spaghetti westerns, Leone turned Henry Fonda into a … [citation needed] In this seminal film, the hero enters a town that is ruled by two outlaw gangs, and ordinary social relations are non-existent. The exception is Giorgio Capitani's The Ruthless Four – in effect a gay version of John Huston's The Treasure of the Sierra Madre – where the explicit homosexual relation between two of its male main characters and some gay cueing scenes are embedded with other forms of man-to-man relations through the story.[40]. [34], Some critics deplore these post-Trinity films as a degeneration of the "real" Spaghetti Westerns, and that Hill's and Spencer's skilful use of body language was a hard act to follow. [48], The dictionary definition of Spaghetti Western at Wiktionary, Frayling (2006) pp. Liehm, Mira. [10] Leone had imitated one of the most highly respected directors in the world by remaking his film Yojimbo as A Fistful of Dollars and consequently surrendered Asian rights to Kurosawa, plus 15% of the international box office proceeds. See more ideas about Sergio leone, Spaghetti western, Sergio. Spaghetti Western old hand Franco Nero also worked in this subgenre with Cipolla Colt and Tomas Milian plays an outrageous "quick" bounty hunter modeled on Charlie Chaplin's Little Tramp in Sometimes Life Is Hard – Right Providence? Special interest audiences might also nurture a cult of the "Worst", as exemplified in the interest for a director like Ed Wood. [5] The typical Spaghetti Western team was made up of an Italian director, Italo-Spanish[6] technical staff, and a cast of Italian, Spanish, German, and American actors. It was directed by Vincenzo Leone, father of Sergio Leone, and starred his mother Bice Waleran in the title role as Indian princess Fatale. Another type of wronged hero is set up and must clear himself from accusations. Even though his character is not named Django, Franco Nero brings a similar ambience to Texas, Adios and Massacre Time where the hero must confront surprising and dangerous family relations. He is the man responsible for perfecting the Spaghetti style and his contribution to the Spaghetti Western and Western in general is comparable to Orson Welles to film noir. Beside the first three Spaghetti Westerns by Leone, a most influential film was Sergio Corbucci's Django starring Franco Nero. The only fairly successful Spaghetti Western with an Indian main character (played by Burt Reynolds in his only European Western outing) is Sergio Corbucci's Navajo Joe, where the Indian village is wiped out by bandits during the first minutes, and the avenger hero spends the rest of the film dealing mostly with Anglos and Mexicans until the final showdown at an Indian burial ground. The 1969 film--which also starred Charles Bronson, Jason Robards and a host of famous character actors--with its impeccable photography and epic score (again by Morricone), is considered one of Leone’s masterpieces, “This is the Western to the 100th power, stylized right up to and through the point of Kabuki.”. There was a wave of Trinity-inspired films with quick and strong heroes, the former kind often called Trinity or perhaps coming from "a place called Trinity", and with no or few killings. The titular character is torn between several motives – money or revenge – and his choices bring misery to him and to a woman close to him. Column: The worst Christmas I ever had was the one that changed my life. A very appropriate goodbye to his beloved genre. See more ideas about Sergio leone, Spaghetti western, Western movies. These films have been listed among the best Westerns of any variety. Some sets and studios built for Spaghetti Westerns survive as theme parks, Texas Hollywood, Mini Hollywood, and Western Leone, and continue to be used as film sets. Spaghetti Westerns also began featuring a pair of different heroes. [citation needed] In the last phase of the Spaghetti Western, with the Trinity films, the Leone legacy had been transformed almost beyond recognition, as terror and deadly violence gave way to harmless brawling and low comedy. However, 1964 saw the breakthrough of this genre, with more than twenty productions or co-productions from Italian companies, and more than half a dozen Westerns by Spanish or Spanish/American companies. In non-singing roles were Ringo Starr as a villain in Blindman and French rock 'n' roll veteran Johnny Hallyday as the gunfighter/avenger hero in Sergio Corbucci's The Specialists. Police said his family called for medical assistance shortly after 1:30 a.m., when Leone developed chest pains, but by the time help arrived, the heavy-set, white-bearded man was dead. This was partly intentional and partly the context of a different cultural background.[13]. While A Fistful of Dollars, one of the best Westerns of all time,was an instant smash hit overseas, American audiences had largely grown tired of the Western genre. Some Italian Western films were made as vehicles for musical stars, like Ferdinando Baldi's Rita of the West featuring Rita Pavone and Terence Hill. Oliver Lyttelton. These films are sometimes called Zapata Westerns. mainly appear before A Fistful of Dollars had put its mark on the genre. The 3 1/2-half hour film, which starred Robert De Niro, James Woods and Tuesday Weld, won plaudits at the Cannes film festival and was a hit in France and Italy. [28] When the typically low-budget production A Fistful of Dollars turned into a remarkable box office success, the industry eagerly lapped up its innovations. Django aka W Django! Leone said he made the film about Jewish gangsters because there were already too many films about Italian gangsters, including “The Godfather” and “The Godfather II.”, “I’ve always been fascinated by evil,” the director said in a 1982 interview with The Times, “because underneath you find that bad is sometimes better in a certain way than good. After 1965 when Leone's second Western For a Few Dollars More brought a larger box office success, the profession of bounty hunter became the choice of occupation of Spaghetti Western heroes in films like Arizona Colt, Vengeance Is Mine, Ten Thousand Dollars for a Massacre, The Ugly Ones, Dead Men Don't Count and Any Gun Can Play. Frayling and other film scholars such as Bondanella argue that this revisionism was the key to Leone's success and, to some degree, to that of the Spaghetti Western genre as a whole. They feature the quick but lazy Trinity (Hill) and his big, strong and irritable brother Bambino (Spencer). Though there was the occasional standout production – see John Ford's The Man Who Shot Liberty Valence in 1962, John Sturges' The Magnificent Seven in 1960, or Howard Haw… Directors like Sergio Leone took this opportunity to create films in the Spaghetti Western genre. Italy’s Leone Film Group, the company founded by Spaghetti Western master Sergio Leone… However, in response to the growing commercial success of various shades of sex films, there was a greater exposure of naked skin in some Spaghetti Westerns, among others Dead Men Ride (1971) and Heads or Tails (1969). Fittingly enough Sabata is portrayed by Lee Van Cleef himself, while John Garko plays the very similar Sartana protagonist. [11] Leone later moved from borrowing and established his own oft-imitated style and plots. The humor started in those movies already, with scenes with comedic fighting, but the Barboni films became burlesque comedies. The son of a film industry pioneer and an actress, Leone became involved in Italian filmmaking at an early age. The term is used by Fridlund (2006) pp. He first directed a film in 1961 with “The Colossus of Rhodes,” one of a series of popular mythological films made in Rome at the time. Furthermore, by far the most commercially successful of this lot was Sergio Leone's A Fistful of Dollars whose innovations in cinematic style, music, acting and story decided the future for the genre. The Bollywood film Sholay (1975) was often referred to as a "Curry Western". The first Italian Western movie was La Vampira Indiana (1913) – a combination of Western and vampire film. [8] The term Eurowesterns may be used to also include similar Western movies that were produced in Continental Europe but without involvement by Italians, like the West German Winnetou films or the Soviet Ostern (Eastern) films. One variant of the hero pair was a revolutionary Mexican bandit and a mostly money-oriented American from the United States frontier. Other "cult" items are Cesare Canevari's Matalo!, Tony Anthony's Blindman and Joaquín Luis Romero Marchent's Cut-Throats Nine (the latter among gore film audiences). American director Quentin Tarantino has utilized elements of Spaghetti Westerns in his films Kill Bill (combined with kung fu movies),[45] Inglourious Basterds (set in Nazi-occupied France),[46] Django Unchained (set in the American South during the time of slavery). The Lumière brothers made their first public screening of films in 1895 and already in 1896 Gabriel Veyre shot Repas d'Indien ("Indian Banquet") for them. Titles like Fedra West (also called Ballad of a Bounty Hunter) and Johnny Hamlet signify the connection to the Greek myth and possibly the plays by Euripides and Racine and the play by William Shakespeare, respectively. However, Leone’s imagination was captured by the American Westerns he saw as a child, so he raised $250,000 and went to Spain to shoot “A Fistful of Dollars,” despite the prevailing opinion that the genre was in decline. Tomorrow We Die!, A Reason to Live, a Reason to Die, Death Rides a Horse, Django, Prepare a Coffin, The Deserter (1971 film), Hate for Hate, Halleluja for Django – those with whom he cooperates typically have conflicting motivations. An aide said Leone worked all day Saturday and was to have flown to the United States today to sign a production deal. One of the first Westerns to be filmed in the United States was The Bank Robbery (1908), which starred actual lawmen and reformed bank robbers, plus a cameo by Quanah Parker. Though he directed only seven films, their impact has been wide and long-lasting, including making Clint … Within the song you can hear samples from Spaghetti Western movies such as A Fistful of Dollars, The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, and Duck You Sucker. When Asian martial arts films started to draw crowds in European cinema houses, the producers of Spaghetti Westerns tried to hang on, this time not by adapting story-lines but rather by directly including martial arts in the films, performed by Eastern actors – for example Chen Lee in My Name Is Shanghai Joe or Lo Lieh teaming up with Lee Van Cleef in The Stranger and the Gunfighter. A mysterious stranger with a harmonica joins forces with a notorious desperado to protect a beautiful widow from a ruthless assassin working for the railroad. Use of pathos received a big boost with Sergio Corbucci's influential Django. A celebrity from another sphere of culture is Italian author/film director Pier Paolo Pasolini, who plays a revolutionary man of the church in Requiescant. Spaghetti Western (30) Italo Western (27) Shootout (23) Street Shootout (21) Violence (21) Gunfight (19) ... Two bounty hunters with the same intentions team up to track down a Western outlaw. [20][21] Sep 1, 2020 - Explore Kenneth Blacklidge's board "Sergio Leone" on Pinterest. These films typically featured cold-hearted, gunslinging loners who dueled on sparse and sun-scorched landscapes to the accompaniment of a grandiose score, usually by composer Ennio Morricone. without asking permission--bang, bang.”, In 1983, after 15 years of negotiations for funding, he finished a dream project about Jewish gangsters--"Once Upon a Time in America.”. It is significant that the most successful of the post-Trinity films featured Hill (Man of the East, A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe), Spencer (It Can Be Done Amigo) and a pair of Hill/Spencer look-alikes in Carambola. When they appear they are more often portrayed as victims of discrimination than as dangerous foes. At the time of his death, Leone was planning to direct a major film about the siege of Leningrad by German troops in World War II. Sholay spawned its own genre of "Dacoit Western" films in Bollywood during the 1970s. In 1965, Bruno Bozzetto released his traditionally animated feature film West and Soda, a Western parody with a marked Spaghetti Western-theme; despite having been released a year after Sergio Leone's seminal Spaghetti Western A Fistful of Dollars, development of West and Soda actually began a year earlier than Fistful's and lasted longer, mainly because of the use of more time-demanding animation over regular acting. For most people, the term Spaghetti Western applies almost solely to the films of Sergio Leone, particularly those starring Clint Eastwood. Director Sergio Leone, whose widely imitated films spawned the “spaghetti Western” genre and made Clint Eastwood an international celebrity, died of a heart attack Sunday in Rome. He betrays and plays the gangs against one another in order to make money. [22] The Italians also made Wild Bill Hickok films, while the German twenties saw back-woods Westerns featuring Bela Lugosi as Uncas. In both cases Lee Van Cleef carries on as the older hero versus Giuliano Gemma and John Phillip Law, respectively. The Australian band The Tango Saloon combines elements of Tango music with influences from Spaghetti Western scores. Sergio Leone Western Movie Locations 'For a fistful of dollars', what a splendid idea Sergio Leone had, to name his movie, shot in 1964 in the Desert of Tabernas (Almeria). Sergio Leone’s spaghetti Westerns had a profound influence upon the Western in this country and served to revitalize one of our few uniquely American art forms. In A Pistol for Ringo a traditional sheriff commissions a money-oriented hero played by Giuliano Gemma (with more pleasing manners than Eastwood's character) to infiltrate a gang of Mexican bandits whose leader is played typically by Fernando Sancho. A true auteur of film. Fridlund (2006) pp. L.A. County’s spiking COVID hospitalizations are literally heading off the charts. “He was a person whom everyone will miss so much, because, among other things, he was a real genius.”. But he used his real name in later films, and won a cult following in this country because of his careful attention to historical detail and infusion of realism. The genre most identifiably American, the Western, seemed to be evolving into a new, rougher form. The wronged hero who becomes an avenger appears in many Spaghetti Westerns. The term was used by American critics and those in other countries because most of these Westerns were produced and directed by Italians. Leone also made Once Upon a Time in the West in 1968, starring Charles Bronson and Henry Fonda. [33], The music for the two Trinity westerns (composed by Franco Micalizzi and Guido & Maurizio De Angelis, respectively) also reflected the change into a lighter and more sentimental mood. The theme of age in For a Few Dollars More, where the younger bounty killer learns valuable lessons from his more experienced colleague and eventually becomes his equal, is taken up in Day of Anger and Death Rides a Horse. Those films, which became known as “spaghetti Westerns,” included: “A Fistful of Dollars,” produced in 1964; “For a Few Dollars More,” produced in 1965, and “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly,” made in 1968. What are Spaghetti Westerns? Leone's films and other "core" Spaghetti Westerns are often described as having eschewed, criticised or even "demythologized"[12] many of the conventions of traditional U.S. Westerns. In the 1960s, critics recognized that the American genres were rapidly changing. Sabata and If You Meet Sartana Pray for Your Death, directed by Gianfranco Parolini, introduce into similar betrayal environments a kind of hero molded on the Mortimer character from For a Few Dollars More, only without any vengeance motive and with more outrageous trick weapons. Parolini made some more Sabata movies while Giuliano Carnimeo made a whole series of Sartana films with Garko. Most Spaghetti Westerns filmed between 1964 and 1978 were made on low budgets and shot at Cinecittà studios and various locations around southern Italy and Spain. He also attracted solid casts--led by Eastwood, the young star of American television’s “Rawhide,” who was catapulted to worldwide fame by the leading roles. Sergio Corbucci's The Mercenary and Compañeros also belong here, as does Tepepa by Giulio Petroni – among others. The Good, The Bad And The Ugly (Sergio Leone, 1966) 2. Westernul spaghetti sau westernul italian este porecla unui larg sub-gen de filme occidentale care au apărut la mijlocul anilor 1960, inspirate de stilul unic al regizorului italian Sergio Leone și care au avut succes internațional la box-office.A fost numit astfel de majoritatea criticilor americani deoarece au fost produse și regizate de către italieni. Assuming a negative coronavirus test means it’s OK to attend gatherings “is a very dangerous strategy,” L.A. County’s health services director says. Leone's Dollars Trilogy (1964–1966) was not the beginning of the "Spaghetti Western" cycle in Italy, but for some Americans Leone's films represented the true beginning of the Italian invasion of an American genre. In Italy, the American West as a dramatic setting for spectacles goes back at least as far as Giacomo Puccini's 1910 opera La fanciulla del West; it is sometimes considered to be the first Spaghetti Western. But it is my film". Sergio Leone's work with Clint Eastwood changed the landscape of Westerns, as well as the landscape of world cinema.After the overwhelming success of 1964's A Fistful of Dollars, a new subgenre was born: The Spaghetti Western.The resulting films represent a now-gone era of stylish filmmaking. [3], According to veteran Spaghetti Western actor Aldo Sambrell, the phrase "Spaghetti Western" was coined by Spanish journalist Alfonso Sánchez. The first American-British western filmed in Spain was The Sheriff of Fractured Jaw (1958), directed by Raoul Walsh. There is a section for each of the five westerns that Leone shot in Spain, plus links to maps and other resources. An Italian critic has compared these comedies to American Bob Hope vehicles.[26]. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 00:03. Oct 14, 2017 - Explore Derick's board "Sergio Leone western" on Pinterest. Director Sergio Leone, whose widely imitated films spawned the “spaghetti Western” genre and made Clint Eastwood an international celebrity, died of a heart attack Sunday in Rome. The psychobilly band Ghoultown also derives influence from Spaghetti Westerns. 5 Unmade Movies From Spaghetti Western Maestro Sergio Leone. I am cynical enough not to romanticize too much.”. The spaghetti western had its classic period and its auteurs. [41] A more accurate genre label for the film is the "Dacoit Western", as it combined the conventions of Indian dacoit films such as Mother India (1957) and Gunga Jumna (1961) with that of Spaghetti Westerns. Frayling (2006) pp.82 finds over thirty Django films, with renaming in French versions included. Many of these films enjoyed both good takes at the box office and attention from critics. The terror of the villains against their defenseless victims became just as ruthless as in A Fistful of Dollars, or more, and their brutalization of the hero when his treachery is disclosed became just as merciless, or more – just like the cunning used to secure the latter's retribution.