Written By: AbdullahBenIbrahim. Current Regime Nationalists Terrorist Groups, Torture, Murder and Beheadings as a Terrorist Tactic. Fajr Libya (« Aube de Libye ») est une coalition de groupes armés de tendance islamiste pendant la deuxième guerre civile libyenne, dont le noyau est constitué par les milices de la ville de Misrata, avec autour d'elle une grande partie des milices du Sud [1]. Entre février et mai 2011, quelque 2 000 civils et combattants seraient morts dans la bataille, sans compter les disparus. Misrata Brigades (MUR) is an active group formed c. 2011. Please give now to support our work, Gadhafi's demise was just a part of a vast revenge killing spree. It was taken in December 2016 by the forces of the Government of National Accord (GNA), after a six-month battle and more than 700 dead from the Misrata Brigades. (Credit: AP) MISRATA, Libya — If anyone is surprised by the apparent killing of Moammar Gadhafi while in the custody of… Copyright © 2020 TRAC - All rights reserved. One hospitalized Tawergha told Human Rights Watch how he was shot in the side and leg and abandoned to die near Hun: “They left us at the edge of the road, put a blanket over us and then started swearing, ‘You are dogs, hope you die.’”, Misrata militias, with the momentary compliance of local officials, insist that no Tawerghas should return to the area. (Misrata, Libya) - If anyone is surprised by the apparent killing of Moammar Gadhafi while in the custody of militia members from the town of Misrata, they shouldn’t be. The graffiti on the truck, in Arabic, reads, "Misrata steadfastness." The 32nd Brigade was commanded by Gaddafi's youngest son, Khamis Gaddafi and was called "the most well-trained and well-equipped force in the Libyan military" and "the most important military and security elements of the regime" in leaked U.S. memos. 20 "Brigades Everywhere," Libya Analysis, June 12, 2013; and "A Law unto Themselves: Militias Dominate the Post-Qadhafi Political Scene," al-Majalla, July 16, 2013. Ce groupe a été actif de 2014 à 2016. Many of the brigades of the Misrata Military Council took part in the Al-Bunyan al-Marsous(BAM) military offensive that liberated Sirte recently … Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, Iran: No Justice for Bloody 2019 Crackdown, Libya: New ICC Investigation Needed Amid Crisis, Qatar: Wage Abuse Action Shortchanges Workers, Singapore Judge Issues Death Sentence by Zoom, Human Rights Dimensions of COVID-19 Response, China: Repression Threatens Winter Olympics. Many Misratans say that any tribe or group that supported Gadhafi — thousands of people — should not return to the city. Politique et sécurité 2. Colonel Colonel Hamid Hassy (180 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article In Hun, about 250 miles south of Misrata, militias from Benghazi have taken it upon themselves to protect about 4,000 refugees. That includes Gadhafi’s killers if the evidence showed crimes were committed. All Misrata brigades operating under Misrata Military Council will join the Central Military Zone of the Libyan Army, the council announced on Sunday, a step that aims to unite the most powerful armed brigades in the country under one command. La brigade des Martyrs d'Oumm al-Aranib est une faction armée libyenne constituée de Toubous, qui s'est rangée du côté du Conseil national de transition (CNT) [1] lors de la première guerre civile libyenne, puis de l'Armée nationale libyenne.. En 2011, elle participe à la conquête de la base d'Al-Wigh et y était toujours présente en 2016 [2]. Salah Badi, a former army officer once locked up as a dissident, was a hero during the 2011 uprising against long-time Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, leading a Misrata militia to victory. More than 100 militia brigades from Misrata have been operating outside of any official military and civilian command since Tripoli fell in August. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Misrata was one of the cities most repressed by the regime of Muammar Gaddafi during the Libyan War of 2011. MISRATA, Libya (Reuters) - After four months under siege, signs of recovery are showing up in the western port city that was so central to the revolt that ousted Muammar Gaddafi. Supported by the strength of their local brigades, Misrata became a state within the state. TRAC is a subscription-based service. As painful as the losses have been for Misrata and the rest of Libya, everyone who fought Gadhafi should remember what they were fighting for: an end to torture, to arbitrary detention, to pitting one tribe against another; for respect and equality among neighbors. Muhammad Tabouni is the brigade's General Commander. The aim of the hard-liners was to dominate national politics and they were ready to bring the country to civil war, considering any local dissenters as traitor to their city. The harassment by Misrata brigades of Tawerghans includes shootings of unarmed men, sometimes in custody. Brigade shall consist, in general, of rebels from the following regions, Misrata, Sirte, Jafra, Bani Walid, Terhuna, Alkhmuss, Mslath and Zliten. YOU MUST HAVE A SUBSCRIPTION TO ACCESS THE REST OF THIS CONTENT. Otherwise, the agony that preceded victory will breed vengeance, rancor and a divided new Libya — one that in disturbing ways may resemble the old. Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. The brigade's Commander-in-Chief is Libyan-Irish citizen Mahdi al-Harati, Khalid Abozakkar is deputy commander and co founder in [Nalut], and Abu Oweis is deputy commander. Members of these militias have engaged in torture, pursued suspected enemies far and wide, detained them and shot them in detention, Human Rights Watch has found. TRAC is a unique, comprehensive resource for the study of political violence of all kinds. In any event, Misratan militia members are venting their anger on all Tawerghas, who are largely descendants of African slaves. The brigades gained power in Misrata all through the Libyan revolution during which it seized most of its weapons from forces loyal to ousted leader Muammar Qaddafi in Misrata, Sirte and Tripoli. The graffiti on tumble-down town walls express Misratans’ view: “(Expletive) No returnees.”. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Following the revolution, most of the weapons were distributed amongst the fighters. Members of these brigades have stated that the entire displaced population of one town, Tawergha, which they believe largely supported Gadhafi avidly, cannot return home. You are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. You can try TRAC for 7 days with this trial. Though the Misrata brigade is attached to the Libyan Ministry of Defence by means of the Association with the Misrata Union of Revolutionaries (MUR), it often operates…. As a courtesy to private researchers, TRAC offers a discounted rate to individuals who are subscribing from a personal email address and paying with a personal credit/debit card. En quelques mois, la cité marchande s’était métamorphosée en nouvelle Sparte. Misratans say Tawergha volunteers committed rapes and pillaged with gusto, though Misrata officials decline to produce evidence of the alleged rapes, saying family shame inhibits witnesses and victims from coming forward. JANZOUR, TRIPOLI - The Misrata Brigade have begun shooting at and attacking civilians in a refugee camp in Janzour containing approximately 1,500 refugees from the now obliterated town of Tawergha, close to Misrata. Facades of public buildings and private homes collapsed from tank fire and are charred inside and out. The NTC should take control of the many makeshift detention facilities, expedite the return of displaced Libyans, and ensure the investigation, trial and punishment of wrongdoers acting in the name of vengeance. Les brigades qui se préparent à la guerre, y compris celles qui sont à Abu Graïn, ne sont pas seulement celles de Misrata. The fierce fight for Misrata has left a penetrating bitter aftertaste. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. Multiple users within govermental/military, corporate, and media, as well as colleges and universities, receive pro-rated subscription discounts based on the number of users. Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment. They are not welcome in Misrata, even if the city and its environs was their home for generations. For multiple users rates contact TRAC. En quelques mois, la cité marchande s’était métamorphosée en nouvelle Sparte. Ibrahim Yusuf bin Ghashir, a representative of the NTC, said: “We think it would be better to relocate them somewhere else.”  The allegations of rape, he added, “cannot be forgiven and it would be better to resettle them far away.”, This unforgiving campaign is not limited to Tawerghas. The apparent execution of 53 pro-Gadhafi supporters in a hotel in Sirte apparently under control of Misrata fighters is a bad omen. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. II. The Tripoli Brigade or Free Tripoli Guardian is a unit of the National Liberation Army of Libya created during the Libyan Civil War. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. SUBSCRIBE TO UNLOCK THIS CONTENTYou are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. Get updates on human rights issues from around the globe. Misrata’s brigades were the core part of the Libya Dawn alliance’s firepower, and the main city’s political leaders were the offensive’s masterminds, and this helped at tactical level. fr Des éléments de preuve de source ouverte confirment que Salah Badi est un haut commandant du Front el-Soumoud, groupe armé hostile au Gouvernement d'entente nationale également connu sous le nom de Fakhr ou “Fierté de la Libye”, et de la brigade Bouclier central Al Marsa de Misrata. Les brigades qui se préparent à la guerre, y compris celles qui sont à Abu Graïn, ne sont pas seulement celles de Misrata. The Misrata Brigades was formed during 2011 and is regarded as a revolutionary militia. Misratans say they detest anyone who backed Gadhafi. If you choose to subscribe at the end of the trial, the trial cost will be deducted from the price of your subscription. The brigades gained power in Misrata all through the Libyan revolution during which it seized most of its weapons from forces loyal to ousted leader Muammar Qaddafi in Misrata, Sirte and Tripoli. The Misrata Brigades was formed during 2011 and is regarded as a revolutionary militia. À la fin de la révolution, le Conseil militaire de la ville comptait 236 brigades, soit près de 40 000 combattants. The Tripoli brigade and Tajoura battalion are in fact currently fighting against haftar in Tripoli (April 2019) The Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries are fighting on the part of the GNA at the Gulf of Sidra Offensive (2017) . Hundreds of erstwhile civilians in that town took up arms to fight for him. The brigades are trying to protect their legacy of being at the forefront of the struggle and being those who suffered most during the war. The NTC, and its foreign backers, have comprehensively failed  to start setting up a justice system — even in Benghazi, where they have been in charge since the spring. Signup for our mailing list to receive a free incident report from TRAC. Witnesses and victims we interviewed provided credible accounts of Misratan militias shooting and wounding unarmed Tawerghas and torturing detainees, in a few cases to death. The Libyan parliament designated much of the Libya Shield Force as terrorist and elements of the Libya Shield Force were identified as linked to al-Qaeda as early as 2012. Misrata withstood a two-month siege at the hands of Gadhafi’s forces with near-daily indiscriminate attacks that killed about 1,000 of its citizens. À la fin de la révolution, le Conseil militaire de la ville comptait 236 brigades, soit près de 40 000 combattants. Join our movement today. Misrata brigades have suffered some of their heaviest losses for months in recent clashes. ... and the government-backed forces are still struggling to de … The Jane's Intelligence Review article indicates that the Mashayshas [or Mashashiyas, Mashashyas], a group of nomadic people who had been resettled in Zintan during Gaddafi's rule, "were persecuted" by the Zintan brigade after militias in the country were given … The Misrata militia is focusing its greatest wrath on Tawergha, a town of about 30,000 people just south of the city. TRAC fully supports academic institutions and provides subscriptions on a reduced rate based on FTE. [1] Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. In the far west, anti-Gadhafi militias from the Nafusa Mountains have looted and burned homes and schools of tribes that supported the deposed dictator. After the defeat of Islamic State, Sirte was controlled by the Misrata Brigades, a group within the Al-Bounyan Al-Marsous coalition, and by Brigade 604, a Madkhalist Salafist militia. The editors of TRAC may modify these entries at any time and welcome comments and suggested corrections or additions. The actions of the Misrata brigades are a gauge of how difficult that will be, and Misrata is not alone in its call for vengeance. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. Toutes les forces révolutionnaires seront unies au service de cet objectif. (Misrata, Libya) - If anyone is surprised by the apparent killing of Moammar Gadhafi while in the custody of militia members from the town of Misrata, they shouldn’t be. Misrata, a city of several hundred thousand people about 150 mi. Daniel Williams is a Senior Researcher at Human Rights Watch, Executions, Indiscriminate Shootings, and Hostage Taking by Opposition Forces in Latakia Countryside, Summary Executions by Syrian Forces in al-Bayda and Baniyas, Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice. The area surrounding the camp has been closed off by the brigade preventing any help from reaching the refugees. A Misrata militia member told the media that all pro-Gadhafi travelers are barred from the city. Most fled their town as Misratan fighters advanced there between Aug. 10 and Aug. 12. Qaddafi's strategy is to starve it out, deprive it of essentials, and bomb it indiscriminately, as a way of defeating its esprit de corps an allowing a pro-Qaddafi takeover. Clearly the NTC is up against the passions of a nasty war. The brigade is also demanding a political stake in a new Libyan state that will include federal rights. As the war in Libya comes to an end, the pressing need for accountability and reconciliation is clear. east of the capital of Tripoli, is under, and for weeks has been under siege. Toutes les forces révolutionnaires seront unies au service de cet objectif. The pockmarks of bullet holes disfigure construction everywhere. Entre février et mai 2011, quelque 2 000 civils et combattants seraient morts dans la bataille, sans compter les disparus. Human Rights Watch has interviewed refugees from Misrata who tried to return and were forbidden to enter the city without a permit from the local council. 21 As yet, the brigades of the "hero city" Misrata have acted rather independently. plans politique et de la sécurité, donne un aperçu de la situation des droits de l’homme dans le pays et énonce les activités de la Mission d’appui des Nations Unies en Libye (MANUL) depuis la publication de mon rapport du 26 février 2014 (S/2014/131). The town’s main boulevard, Tripoli Street, is in ruins. The inclusion will be according to the laws in force of the Libyan National Army, the military council said in … For that reason, when the conflict ended in the country and the Libyan leader was defeated, it was decided to build a museum to show the weapons used during the war and so that people would not "forget" what happened. The Misrata brigades brutal response to those perceived as loyal to Qaddafi resulted in accusations of war crimes by a published report from the UN’s International Commission of Inquiry on Libya. The Libya Shield Force is an armed organisation formed in 2012 out of anti-Gaddafi armed groups spread throughout Libya. Both Misratans and Tawerghas say residents there were enthusiastic Gadhafi supporters. Originally formed in April 2011 in the opposition stronghold of Benghazi, it later relocated to the Nafusa Mountains, then the closest frontline to Tripoli, before advancing into the city itself in August. It is up to the National Transitional Council to rein in all the militias and quickly establish a functioning justice system. Gadhafi's demise was just a part of a vast revenge killing spreeBy Daniel WlliamsLibyan rebels secure prisoners in the back of a pick-up truck. Anti-Gadhafi militias from Zuwara have looted property as they demanded compensation for damage they suffered during the war. Col Abdul Latif is the commander of Seraai al-Hamra, one of the four sub-brigades of the overall Tripoli Brigade. They say Misratans are hunting down Tawerghas.